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What Is Tetralogy of Fallot?
Tetralogy of Fallot is a rare, complex congenital heart defect. A congenital heart defect is a problem with the heart’s structure that’s present at birth.
Tetralogy of Fallot involves four heart defects
What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Tetralogy of Fallot?
How Is Tetralogy of Fallot Diagnosed?
Doctors diagnose tetralogy of Fallot based on a baby’s signs and symptoms, a physical exam, and the results from tests and procedures like Echocardiography , EKG , Chest X Ray , Pulse Oximetry , Cardiac Catheterization.
How Is Tetralogy of Fallot Treated?
Surgery is the only effective treatment. There are two types of surgery that may be performed, including intra cardiac repair or a temporary procedure that uses a shunt.
Intracardiac repair- Tetralogy of Fallot treatment for most babies involves a type of open-heart surgery called intracardiac repair. This surgery is typically performed during the first year of life. During this procedure, the surgeon places a patch over the ventricular septal defect to close the hole between the ventricles.
Temporary surgery- Occasionally babies need to undergo a temporary surgery before having intra cardiac repair. If your baby was born prematurely or has pulmonary arteries that are underdeveloped (hypo plastic), doctors will create a bypass (shunt) between the aorta and pulmonary artery. This bypass increases blood flow to the lungs. When your baby is ready for intra cardiac repair, the shunt is removed.< Go back to list of treatments