Treatments in India

General & Minimal Surgery

1. Appendix

The appendix sits at the junction of the small intestine and large intestine. It’s a thin tube about four inches long. Normally, the appendix sits in the lower right abdomen.


Appendicitis is a condition in which your appendix becomes inflamed and fills with pus.


An obstruction:Food waste or a hard piece of stool (fecal stone) can block the opening of the cavity that runs the length of your appendix.

An infection:Appendicitis may also follow an infection, such as a gastrointestinal viral infection, or it may result from other types of inflammation.


Laparotomy (Open Surgery)Laparotomy is the traditional type of surgery used for treating appendicitis. This procedure consists in the removal of the infected appendix through a single larger incision in the lower right area of the abdomen. The incision in a laparotomy is usually 2-3 inches long.

Laparoscopic SurgeryThe laparoscopic (minimally invasive) surgical technique involves making several tiny cuts in the abdomen and inserting a miniature camera and surgical instruments. As many as three or four incisions are made. The surgeon then removes the appendix with the instruments, so there is usually no need to make a large incision in the abdomen.



This organ lies near the liver. It stores bile that is made by the liver. Bile helps in the digestion of fatty foods. The gallbladder releases bile into a system of ducts that lead to the small intestine.


A cholecystectomy is an operation to remove the gallbladder. It is performed when the gallbladder requires removal due to inflammation (cholecystitis), stones (cholelithiasis), or both.


(Open) CholecystectomyDuring open cholecystectomy your surgeon makes a 6-inch (15-centimeter) incision in your abdomen below your ribs on your right side. The muscle and tissue are pulled back to reveal your liver and gallbladder. Your surgeon then removes the gallbladder.

Laparoscopic) CholecystectomyDuring laparoscopic cholecystectomy, the surgeon makes four small incisions in your abdomen. A tube with a tiny video camera is inserted into your abdomen through one of the incisions. Your surgeon watches a video monitor in the operating room as special surgical tools are inserted through the other incisions in your abdomen and your gallbladder is removed.


A gastrectomy is a partial or full surgical removal of the stomach. Gastrostomies are performed to treat cancer and perforations of the stomach wall.

Types of Gastrectomy


Open GastrectomyDuring an open gastrectomy, the surgeon makes a large incision in your abdomen to remove some or all of your stomach.

Keyhole Surgery (Laparoscopic Gastrectomy)The surgeon makes several smaller cuts in your abdomen, and then uses a special telescope and small surgical instruments to remove some or all of your stomach.

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