Treatments in India

Bone Marrow Transplant

Bone marrow is the flexible tissue in the interior of bones. In humans, red blood cells are produced by cores of bone marrow in the heads of long bones in a process known as haematopoiesis. On average, bone marrow constitutes 4% of the total body mass of humans.

There are two types of bone marrow, Yellow Bone Marrow also known as Fatty Tissue and Red Bone Marrow also known as Myeloid Tissue.

Bone Marrow is important for:

Why is Bone Marrow Transplant Needed?

Bone marrow transplants are often needed when a person's own bone marrow has been damaged and can no longer produce normal blood cells.

Disruption to the production of blood cells can be very serious, particularly if you:

The goal of a bone marrow transplant is to cure many diseases and types of cancer. When the doses of chemotherapy or radiation needed to cure a cancer are so high that a person’s bone marrow stem cells will be permanently damaged or destroyed by the treatment, a bone marrow transplant may be needed.

The following diseases are the ones that most commonly benefit from bone marrow transplant:

However, patients experience diseases differently, and bone marrow transplant may not be appropriate for everyone who suffers from these diseases.

What are the different procedures for Bone Marrow Transplant?

Conditioning

As part of conditioning, the patient will be given a range of medicines which involves a tube to be inserted into a large vein near the heart of the patient. It’s carried out for three reasons:

Recovery

The first stage of the recovery process involves waiting for the stem cells to reach the bone marrow and start producing new blood cells. This is known as engraftment and usually occurs 15-30 days after the transplant takes place. During this period, the patient will need to have regular blood transfusions, as he’ll have a low number of red blood cells.

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